Turkey is one of the strongest states in the world, in terms of its economic development, and its vast influence on the region and the world as a whole.
Being a member of NATO, as well as a key player in the settlement of regional problems, Turkey is increasingly exacerbating the situation in Syria. The main task of the Turkish state is to protect its borders and the inviolability of its territorial integrity.
We have repeatedly noted that the countries of the European Union, as well as Erdogan's Western Friends (members of North Atlantic Treaty Organization), quite often turn away and do not support Turkey. Turkey does not want the dismemberment of Iraq and Syria, and the creation of small states on its border. Under such conditions, Turkey would have to recognize their independence, which, in turn, is contrary to the principles of territorial security.
There is another side of the coin. Recognizing the independence of the "Kurdish state," Turkey will be forced to recognize the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic." Under these circumstances, relations with fraternal Azerbaijan will quickly deteriorate, and lead to horrific consequences, as well as to a serious change in the geopolitical situation in the region against Turkey.
Supporting this policy, Turkey embraces the principle of territorial integrity. Such a policy is very beneficial, both for Turkey and for countries associated with it.
More in Detail
On January 21, 2018, Turkey launched a special operation, "Olive Branch," in the north of Syria and the troops switched to a ground attack. The main purpose of this special operation was the capture of the Syrian city of Afrin, in order to oust the Kurds that occupied this territory in 2012.
Turkish Prime Minister, Binali Yildirim, said: "Ankara seeks to eliminate the threat to the borders of Turkey, which has existed in the north-west of Syria for the past three years."
The US supports the Kurds and intends to impose sanctions on Turkey. Russia reacted gently to friendly Turkey and said that it would not interfere into the conflict around Afrin. Although the US is against such a Turkish initiative, the complete deterioration of relations with Turkey would not be a positive option.
The problem of the West is that. While the game continues in Syria, the US cannot lose Turkish diplomacy, which is a necessary compensatory force in relations with Russia.
Great Britain, France and the US, sharply criticized the actions of Turkey in the north of Syria. However, these three countries, so far, quite passively dissuade their NATO partner from this special operation.
The President of Syria, Bashar Assad, expressed his opinion on this issue that the attack of the Turkish army on the Syrian Afrin is connected with their policy in Syria. "Turkey fears that the Kurdish piece of Syria will become the germ of anti-Turkish terrorist activity."
"Please note that the Kurds are claiming a third of Turkey, a third of Iraq, a third of Syria and a quarter of Iran, and they are supported by Israel and the United States", he said. So, Syria, Iran, Iraq and Russia are not being as aggressive towards Turkey on this issue as they might otherwise be.
Recently, the Turkish president stated that the goal of Turkey is not to seize foreign territories, but to eliminate the threat of terrorism in the region.
"Turkey will fight terrorists wherever they operate," Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan promised.
In addition, Erdogan criticized the position of NATO countries on Syria. "Is not Turkey a member of NATO? Where are the countries of the alliance? When it came to Afghanistan, all NATO countries were invited to support the actions of the alliance. When it comes to Syria, no one wants to support,” he said.
As the Turkish leader noted, Ankara took part in alliance operations in Somalia, the Balkans, and Afghanistan.
"Similarly, NATO should respond to the call of Turkey and take part in operations in Syria. Turkey is waiting for an answer," he stressed.