Adigozel Mamedov, Political analyst and the leader of the movement of Slavic-Turkic unit shared his analysis with GIDSS.COM.
Today, serious changes in the political life of Uzbekistan, after Islam Karimov, have become significantly interesting for many international political experts and financial institutions. Unlike the traditional lines of the Central Asian states, these changes have begun to show itself as a result of the concept of economic and political reforms carried out by the new president of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoev.
Then such a question might be asked: Why did he begin to carry out specific political and economic reforms in Uzbekistan in order to refuse the traditional lines?
The answer can be characterized based on the different views of Shavkat Mirziyoev and his perceptions formed over the years, the main reasons for the region's problems, and also the qualities that can be derived from his personal psychological characteristics. Certainly, we are talking about a political leader who knew the era of Islam Karimov, accurately calculated the proportion of forces of that era, and as a result used it to gain political power.
According to many observers, Shavkat Mirziyoyev is a politician who has a unique ability to talk with everyone; but, for a strategic purpose, he is a very strong man. Undoubtedly, these qualities of Shavkat Mirziyoev have been formed at the expense of the system of values that he inherited from the family and the difficulties he faced.
It is not hard to see the traces of kindness and compassion in the man who was born into a family of medical workers. His father, Miromon, was born inside an uzbek family who originally settled in the neighboring Tajikistan. Miromon entered the Uzbek Medical Institute to study in his native language. He was also a very serious social activist at the time. However, because of his origins, the family started to suffer in the Stalin era.
Sooner or later, the quality of the President, to break stereotypes, will make the country better and prosperous
The family lost all the land area that was distributed among the Tajik villagers in the neighborhood. The family was also named “Uzbek nationalists”, and this was the reason why they migrated from their native land. Understandably, his father and the whole family always held on strongly to their national values, and these values were taught to the future president during the teenage years. The youth of Uzbekistan's president, Shavkat Mirziyoev, was built on national-backed spheres, despite the official Communist ideology. In fact, this was pretty normal for the family, which was under oppression, and therefore were very cautious.
Miromon wanted his son to have a calm and good life, and he was disturbed by his son’s public-political activity. The untimely death of Shavkat’s mother caused severe psychological shock to young Shavkat and his siblings. Miromon tried to step into the role of their mother, but in many instances he could not do everything.
Mirimon's two sisters lived far away from the family, and settled in Zaamin city. Miramon got married to a woman, of tatar origins, who had a very warm attitude towards the family. Indeed, Shavkat and his siblings loved this lady as much as they did their mother.
Young Shavkat Mirziyoev entered the Tashkent University of Irrigation and Meloration in 1974 and after graduation became a teacher at the same university. In 1981, he became acquainted with his student, Ziro Atxon. His future father-in-law, Mokhmidzhon Hashimov, had a close friendship with many influencial people. He also had a great trading network.
In 1992, Shavkat Mirziyoev reached the position of pro-rector, of the institute, from junior researcher. He was elected a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Uzbekistan in 1990. In 1994, he became a member of parliament in the independent Uzbekistan. In 1996, by the decree of Uzbek President Islam Karimov, Shavkat Mirziyoev was appointed judge (Executive power) of the Djizak region. Since 2001, he has been appointed to the same position in the Samarkand Region.
The vast majority of politically influencial people, along with Islam Karimov, were from Samarkand. Actually, the skills and political power of Shavkat Mirziyoev gave him an opportunity to be of the same line with the Samarkand clan of Uzbekistan who controlled the whole country.
Shavkat Mirziyev has always been a great listener. He always hides his feelings, is very calm and loves to listen to an opponent till the end, to allow him to figure out how sincere or unkind that person is. All these qualities made him possible to survive in the clan of Samarkand politicians. He was a new one; but, thanks to his ability to hide his feelings, he could make it possible to gradually rise in power.
For the sake of truth, it is important to note that one of those who suffered from the Samarkand group was Rustam Inayatov, chairman of the National Security Service. During the period of food shortage in Samarkand, Shavkat Mirziyoev led the campaign against local mafia groups. Unfortunately, the government of the state blamed him for “Inactivity” against these groups.
The Uzbek prosecutor's office began to challenge the charges against Shavkat Mirziyoev.
The Attorney General made a report to Islam Karimov. The president gave Rustam Inayatov a task to investigate this contradiction. At this point, Rustam Inayatov played a very important role in the life of Shavkat Mirziyoev. He explained to Islam Karimov that Mirziyoev is innocent and that steps taken by him against monopolists and dealers in Samarkand are right.
Islam Karimov understood the whole reality of events and, in 2003, appointed Mirziyoev the head of the new government. Rustam Inayatov knew very well the intrigues of the government. Mirziyoev and Inayatov always discussed these issues. As a result, Mirziyoev showed political will and did not become the victim of the Samarkand clan. Of course, he was a cold-blooded man and never lost control of his behaviour.
In fact, here we have a new secret tandem of Mirziyoev and Rustam Inayatov. Thanks to this tandem, after the death of Islam Karimov, Shavkat Mirziyoev came to power. The priority issue was a fight against the members of the Samarkand clan. The members of the Uzbek elite, and the influencial people of Uzbekistan who were deported from the country because of the Samarkand clan, were appointed once again to the high-ranking positions, and the master of intrigues, Rustam Azimov, was dismissed.
Today, there are people who try to create confrontation between Shavkat Mirziyoev and Rustam Inayatov. However, this cooperation will be even stronger in the years to come. One of the most serious steps taken by Mirziyoev, in recent times, was the resumption of relations with Turkey, which was weak during the presidency of Islam Karimov.
This was a considerable step forward for the liberalization and development of the Uzbek economy. According to the average estimates, this approach will provide the flow of resources to the Uzbek economy worth $17 billion in the next five years in terms of tourism, military industry, energy, agriculture, textile and other industries.
One of the most important historical and strategic goals is to make Bukhara and Samarkand the centers of the Islamic and turkish worlds. For the next decade or so, Uzbekistan has won a chance to become a major tourist destination, along with its fertile lands. Sooner or later, the quality of the President, to break stereotypes, will make the country better and prosperous, bringing new changes to the nation.