From May 2007 to May 2016, the U.S. economy gained 6 million jobs. Occupations that typically require a high school diploma or the equivalent for entry lost 1.3 million jobs over that period. Much of this decrease resulted from job losses in manufacturing and construction around the time of the 2007–09 recession.
Occupations that typically require no formal educational credential for entry gained 2 million jobs from May 2007 to May 2016. Occupations in this education category include retail salespersons, cashiers, janitors, and most food preparation and serving related occupations.